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Complex Object
Selling alternative masculinities : repr Selling alternative masculinities : repr... - Complex Object ()
Selling alternative masculinities : representations of masculinities in Indonesian men's lifestyle magazines / Suzie Handajani
[Truncated abstract] After Suharto stepped down from power in May 1998, one of the major changes in Indonesian politics was media deregulation. Under Suharto's New Order, control over the media was equated with control of the masses. Media deregulation introduced a more democratic mediascape in which new publications flourished in post-Suharto Indonesia, including Indonesian men's lifestyle magazines. This new era of freedom of expression also resulted in colliding social forces, for example when Islamic groups promoted an anti-pornography bill which clashed with the newly acquired freedom of the press. The pornography debate placed men's lifestyle magazines like Playboy Indonesia in the spotlight and under public scrutiny. In this respect the magazines become a site for contesting particular Indonesian masculinities and male power. This thesis enquires into the types of masculinities represented by six Indonesian men’s lifestyle magazines during 2007 – 2008. The magazines are Popular, Hai, Male Emporium, FHM Indonesia, Maxim Indonesia, and Playboy Indonesia. Understanding the magazines fundamentally as a cultural phenomenon inscribed with the experiences and aspirations of Indonesian men, the thesis is informed by profeminist masculinity studies to discern how discourses of masculinities are negotiated between men and exercised against women.
The thesis is expanded from Beynon's idea that social dynamics can be understood through the tensions between hegemonic and non-hegemonic masculinities. The struggles are most intense at the level of the nation-state, where politics is overwhelmingly a masculine domain, and this is replicated in the social institution of the family. In the course of Indonesian history, there is a continuous cycle in which state Fathers are replaced by one of a resistant fraternity, who invites new resistance and challenges from newly formed fraternities, and the cycle repeats itself. Struggles between various kinds of masculinities and male power are therefore highly political and shapes the leadership of the nation. This thesis argues that Indonesian men's lifestyle magazines represent the struggles of non-hegemonic men against the hegemonic masculinity of the state. The non-hegemonic masculinities in the magazines are constructed as middle class Indonesian men. Within Indonesian context, the middle class is ideologically and politically charged. They are not just a social class but they are bearers of social progress and social change. This is the result of Indonesia’s socio-political history in which middle class men simultaneously have the fighting spirit of the lower class and the political strategy of the ruling class. In the magazines these middle class men are constructed using three indicators of male success which are wealth, agency, and women...
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Western Australia, 2011
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